In the old village where I grew up there was no tap water for homes, except for the few houses that lined the main road. However, our drinking and washing needs were well-served. Each house had its own well – no need to pay any bills and unlimited usage !
Everyone took cold showers by pouring pail after pail of water over the head, but no one fell sick. For cooking, we would pass the well water through a sand filter first.
During the dry season, sometimes the water level dropped to less than a bucket height. But in the rain season the water level rose up to almost floor level, and often we got ‘cacing’ (worms) as long as 6 inches in the water.